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Mine and Minerals Amendments Approved


Cabinet has approved the amendments to the Mine and Minerals Act which change the claim title structure, farming vis a vis mining rights, adjusted function of the Mining Affairs Board and new structures among other shifts.


The amendments will establish new registry structures and avail access to the registry, and incorporate miners and farmers into the mining affairs board aswell as reduce mining claim title.


“The Office of the Mining Cadastre Registry and the Mining Cadastre Register recording all current mining rights and titles will be established, with the Register being freely open to all.The Bill provides for the establishment of the Mining Affairs Board with functions similar to existing Board, but having an altered composition, including miners, farmers and other stakeholders.” Senator Mutsvangwa, the Chairperson of the Post Cabinet Brief said.


Furthermore, “The number of the various types of mining titles has been reduced to only three, namely: blocks of claims, mining lease and special grant. Blocks of claims are for local miners and should not exceed four blocks.”


According to the Minister of Information Publicity and Broadcasting Services, “The Bill will introduce a new system under which prospecting licences will be called “exclusive prospecting licences” that will restrict each licensee to prospect within a single defined area. The actual pegging and other acts of demarcation on the ground and on a map can only be done by a staking agent on behalf of the prospector, unless the prospector is also registered as a staking agent.

Through the amendments, “A prospecting licensee will not be allowed to remove minerals from the land on which they are found, except for purposes of assaying. This clause is the first of many relating to the manner of resolving disputes between prospectors and miners on the one hand, and farmers and other landholders on the other. It sets the pattern for other clauses addressing farmer/miner disputes.” The Minister also emphasised.


The bill will also be central in managing the contentious interest’s that have surfaced between farmers and miners while defining civil penalty in mining.


“Provisions of the Bill outline procedures for ensuring that the interests of farming and mining activities on land are accorded their due recognition. The definition of “civil penalty” defines a new kind of non-criminal penalty which will apply to the majority of infringements committed by miners. In general, mining activity is not permitted on homesteads and housing infrastructure as well as on roads and other transportation infrastructure, among others.” Mutsvangwa said.


With government spearheading the US12billion dollar mining sector, against increased leakages and crime in the sector the policy potentially avails better management strategies.

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