By Tatenda Mujeyi
The 2022 World Ozone Day commemorations to be held later this month puts the founding treaty and it’s subsequent role in fostering global cooperation in meeting the climate change issues as related to ozone layer depletion amidst mixed returns from the 35 year old treaty.
With the theme for the 2022 commemorations set for the 16th of September as “Montreal Protocol@35: global cooperation protecting life on earth.” With all country’s having ratified to the treaty, global mutuality remains critical for saving the ozone layer as means of mitigation of climate change as it has brought eyesores on mother earth.
“The theme recognises the wider impact the Montreal Protocol has on climate change and the need to act in collaboration, forge partnerships and develop global cooperation to address climate challenges and protect life on earth for future generations.” The United Nations Environment Program, UNEP website emphasised.
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the ozone layer is critical to safeguarding hearth from unbearable radiation from the sun remains the only treaty signed by all nations.
“When released to the atmosphere, those chemicals damage the stratospheric ozone layer, Earth’s protective shield that protects humans and the environment from harmful levels of ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Adopted on 16 September 1987, the Protocol is to date the only UN treaty ever that has been ratified every country on Earth – all 198 UN Member States.” The UNEP website states.
The treaty has been dynamic as technological advancements have taken centre stage with changes constantly ushered in as the Kigali adoptions through the organ’s Nairobi, Kenya based secretariat.
According to UNEP, “The treaty evolves over time in light of new scientific, technical and economic developments, and it continues to be amended and adjusted. The Meeting of the Parties is the governance body for the treaty, with technical support provided by an Open-ended Working Group, both of which meet on an annual basis.”
Zimbabwe has adopted vast measures to contribute to climate change and ozone depletion combatment through vast policy shifts like the 10 year vehicle importation legislation, pfumbvudza Agriculture mechanisms, solar energy power plants, Chlorofluorocarbon regulations among other adoptions.
While the urge to control ozone depletion has remained critical it remains that shortcomings have constantly been seen through variation in development between 1st world and 3rd world countries, archaic industrial systems, chlorofluorocarbon increase, industrialisation among other complexities.